Artifact Origins and other Historical Information
A beginning, but here it is.  After years of studying museum collections and taking every opportunity to view private collections held by my
neighbors here on Hawaii, the time has arrived for a record to be established of all the information I have gathered.  

I have met many wonderful people while on my quest and have subsequently developed a deep appreciation and respect for the Polynesians,
their present and past culture, and the legacy they have established as the unique loving hospitable people they have always been and
remain to be today.  

Below is the information I hand-out to my customers when they visit my store in Hawaii.
Hawaiian Weapons and Implements

Prior to contact and because of the governmental systems of kings, chiefs, and lower chiefs, there was always conflicts over land and status.  
Wars and battles were frequent.  Most of the sporting games were also training for times of war.

The weapons made and used in Hawaii are greater in their type and form than in the South Pacific.  When migration to Hawaii took place, the
weapons evolved into distinct forms.

Although many forms of weapons were used, the most popular were spears and daggers.  Clubs were made but were plain and almost crude
compared to their highly carved and decorated South Pacific clubs.

Implements were also made for carving and cutting.  The general rule is if more than two shark's teeth were used, they were classified as
weapons.  If less than two were used, they were classified as implements.
Spears - These are 3 basic types but many forms of points.
Short Spears - IHE
  From 5 to 9 foot long, diameters 1 to 1 1/2 inch
Long Spears - Pololu
  From 9 to 18 foot long, diameters 1.2 to 2 inch
Carrying Spears - Pololu
  Multi-purpose 11 foot long, diameters 1.5 inch
Daggers - (Pahoa) Several Form Designators
Truncheon Dagger
  12 to 36 inches, many point forms
Bludgeon Dagger
  17 to 18 inches, many forms, club on one end dagger
on other
Long Bladed Dagger
  16 to 35 inches, three basic forms
Shark Tooth Dagger
  18 to 24 inches, two basic forms
Curved Bladed Dagger
  15 to 25 inches, Kauai Isle only
Swordfish Dagger
  12 to 33 inches, bill of the Swordfish
Eye Gouge Dagger
  13 inches, only one known
Clubs - (La'Au Palau) Several Form Designators
Smooth Headed Club
  10 to 15 inches, four basic forms
Rough Headed Club
  9 to 16 inches, many forms
Stone Headed Club (Nenewa)
  18 inch (head), wood handle stone
Shark Tooth Club (Lei-O-Mano)
Solid Frame
  7 to 30 inches, several types
Shark Tooth Club (Lei-O-Mano)
Open Frame
  7 to 30 inches, several types
Other Weapons
Tripping Weapons - Pikoi
Wood without handle
Wood with handle
Stone without handle
Stone with handle
Stone Hand Clubs
Slings - Ma'A
Strangline Cords
Good Reference Books
Arts and Crafts of Hawaii
War and Weapons
by Peter H. Buck
Bishop Museum Press
  Artificial Curiosities
by Adrienne L. Kaeppler
Bishop Museum Press
Na Mea Makamae
by David Young
Palapala Press
  Feathered Gods and Fishhooks
by Patrick Vinton Kirch
University of Hawaii Press
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Email me at

Paul & Lynn Gephart
Hawaiian Artifacts
O Box 7430
ilo  HI  96720